What is it?
- sit on a chair at a table
- give attention and stay on task
- work with others
- respond to verbal instructions and nonverbal prompts including pointing, eye gaze and eye contact.
- develop fine motor skills
Pre- Lego Therapy Skills:
- Sorting similar Lego pieces by shape, colour and size
- Finding specific pieces to either match or by looking at a picture to find Lego pieces
- Identifying and labeling –using verbal descriptors of: colour , shape, size and function (e.g. brick, hinge, window, door)
- Following simple visual / verbal instructions adding the correct pieces in the correct order and placement in order to complete a simple Lego set.
- Inspecting a completed set to find inconsistencies or mistakes either just identifying them or correcting them.
Outcomes for Students:
- developing fine motor skills
- improving hand/eye coordination
- increasing accuracy and speed in building skills
- increasing self-control
- working as a team member
- following routines
- listening to adult direction
- improving social interaction
- communicating with peers
Roles in Lego Therapy
The key to Lego Therapy is having students in key roles supported by an adult (Director) to oversee the construction.
Students each have a role:
- The Architect has the design (photograph) to be reproduced by the team working together
- The Supplier needs to work out what piece is needed each time from the information from the Architect
- The Builder has to listen to where the piece goes and how to make the model look like the photograph.
The director is a Lego Therapist, Teacher or Teaching Assistant. Their role is to:
- oversee and support the students identifying their OWN strengths & roles within the group session
- observe the amount of support each person needs and find ways to reduce it
- observe verbal communication, social interaction listening skills ,turn taking, eye contact.
- suggest next steps
- record the session using photographs and written evidence
This person’s role is to describe what is needed, they learn to:
- understand colours and shapes
- count – agreeing on describing number of DOTS , BUMPS, SPOTS on top of the Lego pieces.
- understand the photograph, model, or instructions given and follow them in the correct sequence
- communicate both verbally and non-verbally.
- use their imagination to describe what they see, e.g. “It’s got a slope on one side.”
- develop their social interaction skills
This person is like a shop keeper, they:
- have all the dismantled pieces of Lego ready to use
- listen to the instructions
- understand the descriptions of colour, shape & number of dots .
- use effective eye contact or eye gaze .
- develop fine motor skills
- pass the required Lego piece to the BUILDER
The role of the Builder is to listen to the Architect, they:
- wait for the instructions
- listen to the instructions of positioning the pieces of Lego together.
- understand the verbal instructions or visual directions .
- give eye contact .
- develop hand/eye coordination
- build the Lego in the correct sequence
- modify ,dismantle and reconstruct when needed